Measuring instruments are only one part of comparing and quality controlling colours and substrates. Since no technical device is as precise as the human eye, the visual colour control is still essentail for accurate quality control
The ISO 3668:2009 standard specifies how to assess coloured materials in manufacturing industries (automotive, plastics, textiles, furniture etc.). in contrast, visual colour machting in the graphic arts industry is described in the standard ISO 3664:2009.
|ISO 3664:2009||ISO 3668, DIN 6173-2, DIN 5033|
|Graphic technology and photography – Viewing conditions||Visual comparison of the colour of paints|
|Illuminant D50 (CIE)||Illuminant D65 (CIE)|
|Graphic arts industry||Manufacturing industries|
Reproducible conditions are necessary for standardised and repeatable colour matching processes. Natural dalight would be a good starting point for a light quality definition, but its light spectrum varies depending on time of day and location. Therefore, uniform viewing conditions require the use of colour matching areas using artifical daylight, CIE D65 being the most common in manufacturing industries.
The requirements for a viewing booth and its lighting defined in ISO 3668 are fulfilled by all JUST colour viewing cabinets:
In order to standardise not only the viewing environment but also factor „human“, special requirement are placed on the observer. The observer must be perceive colour normally and should have experience in colour comparison as well as a good ability to distiguish different colours. Corresponding visual tests help to choose suitable observers. In addition, a neutral colour such as gray must be worn during the colour assessment.
Two-dimensional sample plates need to be viewed with illumination of 0° by a viewing angle of 45° (measuring geometry 0°/45° and 45°/0° respectively). Howeder, certain application fields require different viewing and illumination angles, that is why appropriate sample holders are available in the web shop.
Colour differences are indicated to the ISO rating scale by hue, chroaticity and brightness. Finally, all details of the colour matching procedure should be recorded in an assessment report. A corresponding function to create such reports is available with the PROFESSIONAL series of the Color Viewing Light booths.
Metamerism occurs when two colour samples appear equal under one viewing illuminant, but look different with another light. Note the substrates must also be assessed by CIE-illuminant A (incandescent lighting). In the illustrated example, both bodies have different spectrum, that may appear different depending on the illumination type and light source.
For standardised colour control it is necessary to choose D50 lighting for prints and D65 for industrial products, e.g. coatings, plastics, varnish etc. If detecting metamerism of the colours or substrates is required, additional illuminants/light sources are needed.
With JUST colour viewing booths you can choose between different dimensions and numbers of illuminants but they should always include at least illuminant D65 and A for detection of metamerism.
Source and further information:
DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. (2001): DIN EN ISO 3668:2001-12: Beschichtungsstoffe – Visueller Vergleich der Farbe von Beschichtungen (ISO 3668:1998); Deutsche Fassung EN ISO 3668:2001